Egg Banking Malaysia

Those who fear the aging process of oocytes can use cryopreservation techniques to store these eggs in centers known as Egg Banks.

Fertility preservation allows new modalities for couples and women seeking pregnancy at different stages of life. Those who fear the aging process of oocytes can use cryopreservation techniques to store these eggs in centers known as egg banks in Malaysia. Egg banking is the process of storing unfertilized eggs until the female is ready for fertilization. This trend in egg banking is partly due to women focusing on societal trends, graduate degrees, careers, and pregnancy delays. So as delay in childbearing continues and medical awareness of advanced age fertility issues arise, more technology is emerging for preservation of healthy oocytes. This drives the needs and successes for current egg banks. This article will focus on the need, utilization and information pertaining to egg banking universally.

 

For years, women have been taught advancing age poses risks for childbearing and fetal development. Cycles resulting in pregnancy also decline with age as the progressive loss of viable oocytes decreases until menopause. Once these oocytes decrease towards menopause, the female body reaches a crucial threshold in which pregnancy is no longer successful. Therefore the need to preserve healthy eggs in women has become an option. Strategies for the preservation of eggs are ways to avoid infertility in advanced maternal aged patients (AMA). Those who benefit the most from oocyte preservation and banking are those who medically require it due to unavailability to conceive at the moment or social reasons as waiting till a later age. Women who have premature ovarian aging syndrome also benefit by preserving healthy eggs as those with the syndrome prematurely produce unhealthy oocytes through time. Egg banking provides storage without needing a sperm yet, which is less committal for women who are not ready to conceive at that moment. Oocyte freezing also takes a shorter time to complete (2-3 weeks) and several eggs may be frozen through multiple cycles to ensure optimacy. Therefore those who do not have a current partner and is not in a rush to get pregnant, as well as those with suboptimal ovaries are great candidates for egg banking.

 

Preservation of the oocytes is achieved through cryopreservation tactics. The process begins with oocyte retrieval as in IVF or IVM. Oocytes are retrieved at an early follicular stage of a woman’s cycle for 2 weeks post ovarian stimulation. Oocytes are retrieved through aspirating them via ultrasound guidance transvaginally. The eggs are immediately stored until the patient is ready to achieve pregnancy. Important factors for retrieval include the avoidance of ice crystallization while freezing which can damage intracellular structures, balancing the electrolytes and solutes during freezing and maintaining proper osmotic pressure to avoid swelling or breaking of the cell. Storage of the oocytes can last beyond 10 years and have still shown success rates. Of course the age of the woman should always be in consideration when trying to conceive as women over 40 have a decrease in successful embryo transfer and full term pregnancies.

 

In terms of the amount of eggs that are stored is subjective to each patient. Most women prefer and are suggested to bank 25-30 eggs for every child the hope to conceive. The more time a woman waits to preserve her eggs, the more is needed to ensure healthy oocytes. The amount for egg banking also poses a challenge for many trying to store and conceive. It may cost an upwards of $15,000 USD or 67,000 Malaysian ringgits for freezing one cycle of eggs. There is also an annual storage fee, which vary but can also be cost burdensome.

 

Egg banking also provides donor eggs for women who cannot produce viable oocytes. Patients have the option to match with an egg donor or chose a donor egg that is ready for conceiving. The process is also relatively easier that using freshly harvested oocytes. Donor eggs from egg banking are cryopreserved and can be implanted based on the patient’s own schedule and cycle without regards to the donor’s cycle. This also is a more affordable option as it removes and retrieval or storage costs. Donor eggs are screened for viability, diseases and genetic anomalies. Patients have a choice in whose eggs to chose based on medical, ethical, academic and genetic factors when choosing from egg banks.

 

Egg banking provides an outlet for women seeking fertility via preserving their own eggs for later conception use or purchasing a donor’s eggs due to inability to use one’s own. As more and more women choose to delay pregnancy for financial, career, or lack of partner as reasons, egg banking has become an innovation for these patients. The process is expensive and many may argue ethically of the nature of it, however the choice is readily available for those who are seeking. Find out more at our facilities in Kuala Lumpur & Selangor.

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